Citing Course Materials

If you need to cite content found in your online classroom, use the author (if there is one listed), the year of publication (if available), the title of the document, and the full URL of the course page. For example, you are citing study notes titled "Health Effects of Exposure to Forest Fires," but you do not know the author's name, your reference entry will look like this:

Health effects of exposure to forest fires [Lecture notes]. (2005). 

Retrieved from

In your text, the citation will look like this:

As discussed in the PubH 6890 course study notes ("Health Effects," 2005), forest fires have caused lasting damage to firefighters' lungs.

If you do know the author of the document, your reference will look like this:

Smith, A. (2005). Health effects of exposure to forest fires

[Lecture notes]. Retrieved from

A few notes on citing course materials:

1. The title will not be in italics; it is treated like an article title, per APA.

2. The type of course material appears within the brackets and may vary.  Some examples:

a. [Lecture notes]

b. [Course handout]

c. [Study notes]

3. It can be difficult to determine authorship of classroom documents.  If an author is listed on the document, use that.  If the resource is clearly a product of Laureate (such as the course DVDs or tutorials), use Laureate Education, Inc. as the author.  If you are unsure or if no author is indicated, place the title in the author spot, as above.

4. If you cannot determine a date of publication, you can use n.d. (for "no date") in place of the year.

Note: The web location for Laureate course materials is not directly retrievable without a password, and therefore, following APA guidelines, you should use the main URL for the class sites:



The Writing Center's website has moved!

Please find us at

To continue using the old site, click outside the white box. Note that this old site will no longer be updated. If you are looking for a specific page on the new site, please consult this list of links from the old site mapped to the new site.

Happy New Year 2015!

In addition to the information provided here, refer to page 186 in the APA Manual (Sixth Edition) for how to cite and reference nonroutine information and titles. 

CDC website

Citing Yourself

Course Materials

Discussion Post

Dissertation or Thesis

DVD/Online Video

ERIC Document

eReader (Kindle, Nook, etc.)

Legal Material


Parts of a Book

Personal Communication

PowerPoint Presentation

Secondary Source

Sources with the Same Author and Same Year

Walden Course Catalog

You may also find our table on citation variations useful to download and print!