- APA Overview
- In-Text Citations
- Reference List
- Other APA Style Issues
- Templates for Writing
Citing Course Materials
If you need to cite content found in your online classroom, use the author (if there is one listed), the year of publication (if available), the title of the document, and the full URL of the course page. For example, you are citing study notes titled "Health Effects of Exposure to Forest Fires," but you do not know the author's name, your reference entry will look like this:
Health effects of exposure to forest fires [Lecture notes]. (2005).
Retrieved from http://urltothenoteshere.doc/
In your text, the citation will look like this:
As discussed in the PubH 6890 course study notes ("Health Effects," 2005), forest fires have caused lasting damage to firefighters' lungs.
If you do know the author of the document, your reference will look like this:
Smith, A. (2005). Health effects of exposure to forest fires
[Lecture notes]. Retrieved from http://urltothenoteshere.doc/
A few notes on citing course materials:
1. The title will not be in italics; it is treated like an article title, per APA.
2. The type of course material appears within the brackets and may vary. Some examples:
a. [Lecture notes]
b. [Course handout]
c. [Study notes]
3. It can be difficult to determine authorship of classroom documents. If an author is listed on the document, use that. If the resource is clearly a product of Laureate (such as the course DVDs or tutorials), use Laureate Education, Inc. as the author. If you are unsure or if no author is indicated, place the title in the author spot, as above.
4. If you cannot determine a date of publication, you can use n.d. (for "no date") in place of the year.
Note: The web location for Laureate course materials is not directly retrievable without a password, but because it's likely that your audience will consist mainly of members of the Laureate community, we recommend using the direct URL. This recommendation is consistent with our suggested format for citing other Walden resources.
APA Style FAQ
In addition to the information provided here, refer to page 186 in the APA Manual (Sixth Edition) for how to cite and reference nonroutine information and titles.
eReader (Kindle, Nook, etc.)
You may also find our table on citation variations useful to download and print!